Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure to relieve pain due to vertebral compression fracture. The procedure is similar to vertebroplasty and is performed under general or local anesthesia. You will lie face down on the operating table. Using live X-ray imaging, your doctor will insert a large needle through the skin into the vertebra and insert a balloon through the needle. The balloon is then inflated until the desired vertebral height is obtained. The balloon is then removed and the empty space created between the vertebrae is injected with cement. The cement quickly hardens restoring height, and providing strength and stability to the vertebra.
What are the steps taken for post-procedure care?
Following vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, you will be discharged, most likely on the same day of the procedure. No bracing is required after the treatment procedure. You will be advised to stay in bed for the first 24 hours, after which you can start walking and quickly return to your normal daily activities. If there is pain in the area where the needle was inserted, an ice pack can be applied. Driving should be avoided till the surgeon feels it is okay. Heavy lifting and any strenuous activities should also be avoided for at least 6 weeks after the surgery.
What are the associated risks and complications?
Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are generally safe. As with any surgery, some risks can occur. Complications of surgery may include
- Blood clots
- Reaction to anaesthesia
- Leakage of the bone cement into the surrounding area
After vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, you should experience considerable relief from pain and improved quality of life.